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Query: classification: "42.75"

AuthorsJ. Noordijk, P. Boer
TitleMieren in Veluwebermen: soortenrijkdom en aanbevelingen voor beheer (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
JournalNederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen
Keywordsmieren; Formicidae; verspreiding; Nederland; beheer
AbstractAnts in roadside verges on the Veluwe: species richness and recommendations for management
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Highway verges in the Veluwe region contain some well developed nutrient poor plant
communities, like grasslands, grey hair grass vegetation and heather vegetation. These places
provide a good habitat for ants. The past five years, we made an inventory of the ants in these
road verges. We found 35 species, which is more than 50% of the Dutch ant fauna and
approximately 80% of the species known from the Veluwe. Among these were iucn red list
species (Anergates atratulus, Myrmica hirsuta, Formicoxenus nitidulus, Formica pratensis, F. rufa/
polyctena), species protected by Dutch law (F. pratensis, F. rufa/polyctena, F. truncorum),
nationally rare species (Strongylognathus testaceus, Myrmica schenckioides), and species rare in the
region (Lasius mixtus, L. sabularum, Ponera coarctata). In this paper, we present the localities
where each species has been found. In addition, we provide recommendations on how to
manage the road verges in an ant friendly manner. The nutrient poor zone in the road verges
should be maximalized with mosaics of low vegetations. This should be done by fine scale and
phased management. If large scale management is necessary, like the removal of most vegetation
or the top soil, vegetation refugia should be left intact, from which ants can spread again. The
habitat around red wood ant nests should always be left intact. By creating connections with
low vegetation between heathlands and driftsands and the verges, the verges will function best as
extensions of existing habitats and they may act as corridors between different nature reserves.
Document typearticle
Download paperpdf document http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/159603