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AuthorsH. ter Steege, C.A. Pitman, D. Sabatier, C. Baraloto, R.P. Salomão, J.E. Guevara, O.L. Phillips, C.V. Castilho, W.E. Magnusson, J.-F. Mollino, P. Maas, P. Petronelli, J. Stropp, C.E. Zartman, D. Daly, D. Neill, M. Silveira, M. Ríos Paredes, J. Chave, D. de Andrade Lima Filho, B. Hoffman, P. Møller Jørgensen, A. Fuentes, J. Schöngart, F. Cornejo Valverde, A. Di Fiore, E.M. Jimenez, M.C. Peñuela Mora, J.F. Phillips, G. Rivas, T.R. van Andel, E.L. Zent, P. von Hildebrand, Y. Malhi, A. Prieto, A. Rudas, A. Ruschell, N. Silva, V. Vos, S. Zent, A.A. Oliveira, O. Wang, A. Cano Schutz, T. Gonzales, M. Trindade Nascimento, H. Ramirez-Angulo, R. Sierra, M. Tirado, M.N. Umaña Medina, G. van der Heijden, C.I.A. Vela, E. Vilanova Torre, K.R. Young, C. Vriesendorp, C. Baider, H. Balslev, C. Ferreira, I. Mesones, A. Torres-Lezama, L.E. Urrego Giraldo, R. Zagt, M.N. Alexiades, A. Monteagudo, L. Hernandez, I. Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, W. Millikes, W. Palacios Cuenca, D. Pauletto, E. Valderrama Sandoval, L. Valenzuela Gamarra, K.G. Dexter, K. Feeley, G. Lopez-Gonzalez, P. Núñez Vargas, M.R. Silman, J.C. Montero, T.R. Feldpausch, E.N. Honorio Coronado, T.J. Killeen, B. Mostacedo, R. Vasquez, R.L. Assis, J. Terborgh, F. Wittmann, A. Andrade, W.F. Laurance, S.G.W. Laurance, B.S. Marimon, B.-H. Jr. Marimon, I. Célia Guimarães Vieira, I. Leão Amaral, R. Brienen, H. Castellanos, D. Cárdenas López, J.F. Duivenvoorden, H.F. Mogollón, F. Dionízia de Almeida Matos, N. Dávila, R. García-Villacorta, P.R. Stevenson Diaz, F. Costa, T. Emilio, C. Levis, J. Schietti, P. Souza, A. Alonso, F. Dallmeier, A.J. Duque Montoya, M.T. Fernandez Piedade, A. Araujo-Murakami, L. Arroyo, R. Gribel, P.V.A. Fine, C.A. Peres, M. Toledo, G.A. Aymard, T.R. Baker, C. Cerón, J. Engel, T.W. Henkel
TitleHyperdominance in the Amazonian tree flora
Issue18 October 2013
Keywordshyperdominance; Amazonia; Amazon Basin; Guiana Shield; trees; commonness; rarity; richness; tree species
AbstractThe vast extent of the Amazon Basin has historically restricted the study of its tree communities to the local and regional scales. Here, we provide empirical data on the commonness, rarity, and richness of lowland tree species across the entire Amazon Basin and Guiana Shield (Amazonia), collected in 1170 tree plots in all major forest types. Extrapolations suggest that Amazonia harbors roughly 16,000 tree species, of which just 227 (1.4%) account for half of all trees. Most of these are habitat specialists and only dominant in one or two regions of the basin. We discuss some implications of the finding that a small group of species—less diverse than the North American tree flora—accounts for half of the world’s most diverse tree community.
NoteDoi: 10.1126/science.1243092
Document typearticle
Download paperpdf document http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/503402