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AuthorsA.A. Grum-Grzhimaylo, A.J.M. Debets, A.D. van Diepeningen, M.L. Georgieva, E.N. Bilanenko
TitleSodiomyces alkalinus, a new holomorphic alkaliphilic ascomycete within the Plectosphaerellaceae
JournalPersoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi
Volume31
Year2013
Issue1
Pages147-158
ISSN0031-05850
KeywordsAlkaliphilic fungi; growth; Heleococcum alkalinum; molecular phylogeny; scanning electron microscopy; taxonomy
AbstractIn this study we reassess the taxonomic reference of the previously described holomorphic alkaliphilic fungus Heleococcum alkalinum isolated from soda soils in Russia, Mongolia and Tanzania. We show that it is not an actual member of the genus Heleococcum (order Hypocreales) as stated before and should, therefore, be excluded from it and renamed. Multi-locus gene phylogeny analyses (based on nuclear ITS, 5.8S rDNA, 28S rDNA, 18S rDNA, RPB2 and TEF1-alpha) have displayed this fungus as a new taxon at the genus level within the family Plectosphaerellaceae, Hypocreomycetidae, Ascomycota. The reference species of actual Heleococcum members showed clear divergence from the strongly supported Heleococcum alkalinum position within the Plectosphaerellaceae, sister to the family Glomerellaceae. Eighteen strains isolated from soda lakes around the world show remarkable genetic similarity promoting speculations on their possible evolution in harsh alkaline environments. We established the pH growth optimum of this alkaliphilic fungus at c. pH 10 and tested growth on 30 carbon sources at pH 7 and 10. The new genus and species, Sodiomyces alkalinus gen. nov. comb. nov., is the second holomorphic fungus known within the family, the first one being Plectosphaerella – some members of this genus are known to be alkalitolerant. We propose the Plectosphaerellaceae family to be the source of alkaliphilic filamentous fungi as also the species known as Acremonium alcalophilum belongs to this group.
Document typearticle
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