Pseudorhysipolis gen. nov. (type species: Pseudorhysipolis fenix spec. nov. from Brazil and Panama) is described and illustrated. A key to nine new species is added; one new subgenus is described (Pararhysipolis nov.; type species: Pseudorhysipolis mellinotum spec. nov.) and the first host record for a member of the new genus is given. In addition, an aberrant species of the genus Rhysipolis Foerster from Brazil is described.