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Record: oai:ARNO:533058

AuthorC.G.G.J. van Steenis
TitleThe Mountain Elevation Effect
JournalFlora Malesiana Bulletin
Volume23
Year1969
Issue1
Pages1700-1700
ISSN0071-5778
AbstractFor the Javanese mountain plants, all growing on separated volcanic peaks, it has been found before that to grow on a mountain there is for each species a critical altitude necessary of the total height (elevation) of the peak or mountaincomplex.
This is best elucidated by an example: Albizia lophantha (montana) is found in Java from 1100-3100 m, but only on mountains of which the summit reaches at least 2500 m altitude. This means that it is not found on mountains of 2400 m summit height or lower, although it may descend on mountains of 2500 m summit height and higher as low down as 1100 m altitude. The elevation effect is calculated in this case as 2500 minus 1100 = 1400 m.
Document typearticle
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