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Record: oai:ARNO:533058

AuthorC.G.G.J. van Steenis
TitleThe Mountain Elevation Effect
JournalFlora Malesiana Bulletin
AbstractFor the Javanese mountain plants, all growing on separated volcanic peaks, it has been found before that to grow on a mountain there is for each species a critical altitude necessary of the total height (elevation) of the peak or mountaincomplex.
This is best elucidated by an example: Albizia lophantha (montana) is found in Java from 1100-3100 m, but only on mountains of which the summit reaches at least 2500 m altitude. This means that it is not found on mountains of 2400 m summit height or lower, although it may descend on mountains of 2500 m summit height and higher as low down as 1100 m altitude. The elevation effect is calculated in this case as 2500 minus 1100 = 1400 m.
Document typearticle
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